NASA’s Apollo 15 mission was a success after the disastrous Apollo 11-13 missions. This expedition made it possible to drive an automobile on the moon.
The Apollo 1-13 flights are the most well-known, but the Apollo 15 mission, which planted an automobile on the Moon, is also noteworthy. The first humans to drive on the moon were David R Scott and James B Irwin.
Things took Placed
- During their first mission, they drove for 6 hours and collected materials from the moon that would be useful to Earth scientists.
- Scott discovered a black lava rock west of the crater Rhysling that was valuable to the scientists on their planet.
- This was the Sea Belt Roc, which was the most valued possession on Earth when they returned from Apollo 15.
- NASA’s car was the only way to gather the seat belt rocks.
- The mission was started on July 26, 1971, and this year marks the mission’s 50th anniversary.
Requirements of a car on the moon:
Boeing and General Motors collaborated to create a foldable, robust, and battery-powered vehicle. Some consider the vehicle to be the pinnacle of the Apollo period, transforming the last three flights into the pinnacle of the Apollo era.
The rover had to be under 500 pounds to go with the astronauts rather than utilizing a separate rocket, but it had to carry twice as much in the human and geological payload.
The rover had to operate on the moon in temperatures that fluctuated by more than 500 degrees Fahrenheit between day and night, as well as withstand lunar dust, cover a sharp, powder, craters, and loose grave.
How Car Driven on the Moon?
It’s not simple, as both astronauts who performed it have stated. Engineers examined tank-like tracked vehicles, flying automobiles, and a rotund monster shape throughout the 1960s. “Like an oversized Tootsie Pop, with its spherical cabin up the top of a single long leg,” Swift described it.
The rover’s exposed chassis, umbrella-like antenna, and wire wheels gave it a unique appearance.
Project Mercury began in the 1960s, with the goal of sending a car to the moon. It all began with a Florida car salesman leased the astronauts’ Chevrolet cars and then sold them to the general public.
Apollo 15’s crew chose red, white, and blue Corvettes
When the rover arrived on the moon, astronauts unfolded it. According to them, their driving experience was similarly unusual. “The car lifted and fell like a bucking bronco,” Irwin added, comparing it to other cars on the planet. “When tried to move at the dizzying speed of 6 mph,” Scott added, “it fishtailed like a speedboat.”
Orbital science investigations were principally concentrated in an array of equipment and cameras in the spacecraft service module’s scientific instrument module (SIM) bay. Worden, the command module pilot, used these instruments during his solo flight and again for two days after the crew returned to the lunar surface. He went on an EVA to retrieve film cassettes from the SIM bay after transearth injection.
Operational & Engineering tasks performed by the Apollo 15 crew
- Evaluation of the lunar module modifications that were made for
- With a bigger payload and an almost three-day stay on the moon,
- Changes to the Apollo spacesuit and portable life support equipment, as well as the LRV’s performance.
Earl Swift, the renowned author of “Across the Airless Wilds: The Lunar Rover and the Triumph of the Final Moon Landings,” noted that “every mission in the crewed space program, dating back to Alan Shepard’s first flight, had been building the basis for the last three Apollo missions.”